official records of achievement that demonstrate successful completion of a course or the passing of examinations
an ill-defined term which normally refers to high standards. It is, however, a matter of judgement and one person's views of high standards may not fit another. It is closely associated with business approaches such as quality control, quality assurance, total quality management, and quality improvement and so prone to the many problems inherent in importing private sector models to the public sector.
an acronym derived from the term 'quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisation'. It was the name used for a public body established and financed by government but which was still (ostensibly) independent of the government. Such organisations are now known as non-departmental government bodies, which acknowledges their role in the processes of government while clarifying that they do not belong to, or function under the authority of, any government department.
increasingly recognised as a key element in effective teaching. Well planned questioning is not simply to test knowledge but can create knowledge and develop thinking itself. Similarly, encouraging a questioning attitude in learners can help to promote critical thinking, imagination, and creativity (see closed question; convergent; divergent; open question).